EXAMPLE ACUPUNCTURE POINTS
In the Elements diagram, the ‘Ko cycle’ is depicted by the internal straight arrows. Grandmother/Grandson relationships describe the Ko cycle, where one Element: 1. ‘acts upon’; 2. ‘overacts on’; or 3. ‘counteracts’ another Element.
When Wood ‘acts upon’ or ‘over‐acts on’ its Earth grandson it is acting in its capacity as grandmother. When the Wood Element ‘counter‐acts’ its Metal grandmother it is acting in its capacity as a grandson. Furthermore, when Wood acts in the capacity of a grandmother it can also be ‘counteracted upon’ by its Earth grandson. Therefore, whereas the Sheng cycle reflects ‘promoting’, the ‘Ko cycle’ underpins three separate individual and possibly concomitant activities of ‘acting upon’, ‘overacting’, and ‘counteracting’. The Ko cycle therefore reflects not only the normal action of “acting upon”, but also the abnormal actions of “over‐acting” and “counteracting”.
[Listowska & Nicholson, Complementary Medicine, Beauty and Modelling at 292, citing Beijing College, et al, 1980 at 17‐19]
EXAMPLE ACUPUNCTURE POINTS
In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the Zang‐Fu organs have close relationships, even though their physiological functions are quite different. [Listowska & Nicholson,Complementary Medicine, Beauty and Modellingat 293, citing Deng Liangyue, et al, 2002 at 42; Beijing College, et al, 1980 at 22] ‘Zang’ refers to the solid Yin organs (“substance”), whilst ‘Fu’ refers to the empty Yang organs (“function”).
In the 5‐Element Theory of traditional Chinese medicine, the Yin organs (Zang) are the Lung, Kidney, Liver, Heart, Pericardium, and Spleen, whereas the Yang organs (Fu) are the Large Intestine, Urinary Bladder, Gall Bladder, Small Intestine, Sanjiao, and Stomach.
The ‘Sanjiao Meridian’ with 23 acupuncture points differs from the other regular meridians in that it connects with the Pericardium Meridian in an internal‐external relationship. The Sanjiao Channel does not represent an actual organ but is seen as a “generalization of part of the functions of some of the zang‐fu organs located in different sections of the body”. [Listowska & Nicholson, Complementary Medicine, Beauty and Modelling at 293, citing Beijing College, et al, 1980 at 28] Traditional Chinese medicine theory of Zang‐Fu relationships is said to be: "of great significance in clinical differentiation of syndromes and treatment" [Listowska & Nicholson,Complementary Medicine, Beauty and Modelling at 293, citing Deng Liangyue, et al, 2002 at 41/42]
There are also ‘Extra Fu Organs’, namely, “brain, marrow, bones, vessels, gallbladder, and uterus”. The ‘Brain’ and the ‘Uterus’ are regarded as ‘Yang’, however the Gall Bladder falls into both the ‘Yang’ and ‘Extra Fu’ categories as a component of the Wood Element.